The Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta) has a long history. The name "œJakarta" was started to be used in 1942 during Japanese occupation time. It was the abbreviation of Jayakarta. "œJayakarta" was used in 1527-1619. It was given by Demak and Cirebon people under Fatahillah on June 22nd, 1527. Up until now, June 22nd is celebrated as Jakarta's anniversary. "œJayakarta" itself means city of victorious. But the actual meaning is "œvictory achieved by deed".
Several other names have been in use. In 1397-1527, the area was called Sunda Kelapa which was the name of the port of the Sunda Kingdom (you can still find the old Sunda Kelapa harbour in the old city of Jakarta). In the 12th century, this port was known as the busiest port for black pepper. Many ships made port here, some of them from Tiongkok, Japan, South India and Middle East.
Jakarta was known as Batavia during the Dutch colonional area from 1619-1942. On May 30th, 1619 the Dutch East India Company (VOC) led by Jan Pietereszoon Coen occupied Jayakarta after defeating the Banten Sultanate, then "œJayakarta" was changed into "œBatavia". Batavia had developed significantly under the Dutch. Many slaves were taken from Bali, Sulawesi, Tiongkok,etc for Batavia's development. Many say that those slaves were the ancestors of what is now called the Betawi people.
In 1942 the Japanese changed the name of Batavia into Djakarta. It was done to take the hearts of people's. After the Japanese surrendered the Indonesian people declared independence here with the Indonesian Independence Proclamation on August 17th, 1945.
Before 1959, Djakarta was part of West Java. In 1959 it was changed into Daerah Tingkat I (DATI I) led by a Governor. In 1961, Djakarta was changed into Special Capital Region (Daerah Khusus Ibukota). Since 1972, the spelling was changed to what is in use now: Jakarta
Things to see
Jakarta is a historical city with various cultures. Many historical places can be visited by tourists here. You can start by visit Monumen Nasional(Monas) or National Monument. This historical monument is an icon of Jakarta. Don't ever to claim visited Jakarta if you didn't visit Monas. You can find much things related to Indonesia's national history in here. If you want to know Indonesia closely in short time, go to Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (TMII). Here you can find a lot of miniatures from all of cities and ethnics in Indonesia. TMII is a mini replica of Indonesia. You can also enjoy the past atmosphere here in Jakarta by visiting the Jakarta Old Town or Sunda Kelapa. You can capture its past beautiful scenery inside your camera.
Things to do
As a metropolitan city, you can do many things here such as enjoying the adrenaline's rides in Ancol Jakarta Bay City or you can just refreshing your mind to do sport in Jakarta's biggest stadium, Gelora Bung Karno Stadium. For shoppaholic, Tanah Abang is a must-visited. Tanah Abang is a fashion center with wholesale prices. You can also going around enjoying the city by Trans Jakarta, a typical public transportation which also called as busway.
Things to eat
The most must-eat food in Jakarta is kerak telor. It's tasteful which made by fried chicken's or duck's egg with some ingredients. You can also eat this kerak telor with delicious srundeng and ketan. Srundeng is made from dry-fried grated coconut and ketan is sticky rice. Here in Jakarta you can find roti buaya (crocodille bread). This bread is unique because shaped as crocodille and always available on Betawi's traditional wedding ceremony. For Betawi people, roti buaya is a loyalty symbol for his/her mate. For another healthy food, you can try gado-gado. It's a famous food from Jakarta and you can find it in almost all over cities in Indonesia although it is a typical food of Jakarta. Mixed of various vegetables, egg, potatoes and krupuk (crackers) with soft peanut sauce make this food so tasty.
Getting to Jakarta
Flying to Jakarta: Jakarta is served by Soekarno–Hatta International Airport and Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport. Soekarno–Hatta International Airport is located about 20 km west from Jakarta. A taxi into the city from Soekarno–Hatta International Airport would cost 150.000. Read more about Soekarno–Hatta International Airport or look for flights to JakartaHalim Perdanakusuma International Airport is located about 13 km southeast from Jakarta. A taxi into the city from Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport would cost 100.000. Read more about Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport.
A train to Jakarta: Jakarta is also reachable by train. The city has several train stations where long-distance trains stop: station Gambir, station Jakarta Kota, station Jatinegara, station Manggarai, station Pasar Senen, station Tanah Abang, station Tanjung Priuk.
Look for trains to Jakarta.